Me as a baby wearing pink
Know thy self
Seagull gliding in the sky
Stream with white narcissus flower on the bank


Click on a link below to fast navigate to books for the following conditions:


Why is it Always about You?: The Seven Deadly Sins of Narcissism

Author: Sandy Hotchkiss
Published: 2003
Publisher: Free Press ( New York )

This book uses easy to understand language to explain what narcissism is, how unhealthy narcissism develops and how to arm yourself against it.

What I liked best about this book was the way the author describes the early stages of child development where narcissism is a normal development phase from which a child in an empathetic environment can go on to form a healthy separate “Self". Hotchkiss then goes on to explain the results of going through the same development where the parent is not empathetic and the forming of a separate “Self” does not take place leaving the child with the illusion of their grandiosity and omnipresence. In this case they see the parent and all other suitable objects as extensions of themselves.

She also looks at narcissism that can develop during teenage years, the effects of narcissism in old age and the way in which it has been accepted in the workplace.

The final thing of value I found in this book was a description of parental attitudes that create Narcissistic children. Most of the attitudes are based around the parents own needs and feelings rather than that of the child. At the root of these attitudes is the conditioning of the child to expect special treatment.

Despite one amusing story where a Narcissist wanted to show his superiority over his Therapist by peeing in her bushes this book spells out a very serious and important message… there is nothing you can do to change the Narcissist, the only one you can change is yourself to either accept your life with them or move on to a life without them.

Narcissism: Denial of the True Self

Author:Alexander Lowen, M.D.
Published: 1997
Publisher: Touchstone (New York)

Lowen uses real patient cases to demonstrate what narcissism feels like for sufferers. He focuses on the denial of feelings which makes Narcissists appear "inhuman", their over investment in their image and cravings for power and control.

He defines a spectrum of narcissistic types (ordered in terms of narcissistic disturbance) with the Phallic-Narcissistic character (those who live to seduce others) being least disordered and the Paranoid Personality (who believe they are all powerful and others conspire against them) being most disordered. He also gives an outline of each of these types. Borderline personalities sit in the middle of the scale.

Lowen explains the types of upbringings that result in the development of the adult narcissism, why they need to seduce and manipulate others and why they see themselves as special.

Essential Papers on Narcissism (Essential Papers in Psychoanalysis)

Author: Andrew P. Morrison
Published: 1986
Publisher: New York University Press ( New York )

Technical… that's the best way I can describe this book. As such I frequently stopped to look up technical references online or words I'd never heard before in the dictionary.

The book covers work done by Sigmund Freud, Annie Reich, Heinz Kohut, Otto F. Kernberg and many many others. It explains that work on narcissism and NPD has been a slow process and that all is not completely understood with the condition. It looks at different theories of how harmful narcissism which leads to a person objectifying others and seeing themselves as special is created i.e. is it during the early years of life as normal development is thwarted by poor parenting? Or can it be the result of having good looks, success and special treatment in later years?

The stages of child development where the creation of unhealthy narcissism is described was hard for me to fully comprehend and I was only able to understand what was being discussed in this book when I read “Why is it Always About You? The Seven Deadly Sins of Narcissism” by Hotchkiss.

It provides a diagnostic framework to identify someone with NPD and some examples that highlight how damaging, deceptive and needy sufferers can be. How they make the choice in determining which object to “love” and explains that Narcissists are sensitive to failure and require reassurance and attention from others to keep up their view of themselves as special.

The book also covers the type of treatment that works best for those with NPD. It confirms that the outlook isn't good for those who are high up on the narcissistic scale. Those lower down on the scale may benefit from Psychotherapy but it is clear that they will never be “normal”. That at best they can learn how they came to be a Narcissist, the effect their condition has on others and gain a little empathy.

This book shows that anyone who thinks they can do a bit of research and use their learning to help or change the Narcissist(s) in their life is in for a rude awakening. The book clearly show's the difficulties professionals face in treating those with NPD. I as mere reader, someone with my own issues and with a personal attachment have no chance to help the suspect Narcissists I know and would end up placing them or myself in danger if I tried.


The following books also discuss Narcissism and NPD:

Narcisstic Personality Disorder

Author: Kent Daniel Glowinski
Published: 2008
Publisher: Booksurge Llc

The Narcissistic and Borderline Disorders: Integrated Developmental Approach

Author: James F. Masterson, M.D.
Published: 1981
Publisher: Routledge

Emotional Vampires: Dealing With People Who Drain You Dry

Author: Albert J. Bernstein
Published: 2002
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional

The Destructive Narcissistic Pattern

Author: Nina W. Brown
Published: 1998
Publisher: Greenwood Press

Enough About You, Let's Talk About Me: How to Recognize and Manage the Narcissists in Your Life

Author: Les Carter
Published: 2008
Publisher: Jossey Bass

Narcissistic Lovers: How to Cope, Recover and Move on

Author: Cynthia Zayn and Kevin Dibble
Published: 2007
Publisher: New Horizon Press

Children of the Self-absorbed: A Grown-up's Guide to Getting Over Narcissistic Parents

Author: Nina W. Brown
Published: 2008
Publisher: New Harbinger Publications

Disarming the Narcissist: Surviving and Thriving with the Self-absorbed

Author: Wendy T. Behary
Published: 2008
Publisher: New Harbinger Publications

Help! I'm in Love with a Narcissist

Author: Steven Carter and Julia Sokol
Published: 2005
Publisher: M. Evans& Co Inc

Will I Ever Be Good Enough?: Healing the Daughters of Narcissistic Mothers

Author: Karyl McBride
Published: Free Press
Publisher: 2008

Trapped in the Mirror

Author: Claire Golomb
Published: 2008
Publisher: William Morrow

Identifying and Understanding the Narcissistic Personality

Author: Elsa F. Ronningstam
Published: 2005
Publisher: OUP USA

Malignant Self Love: Narcissism Revisited

Author: Sam Vaknin
Published: 1999
Publisher: Narcissus Publications

All About Me: Loving a Narcissist

Author: Simon Crompton
Published: 2007
Publisher: Collins


Lost in the Mirror: An Inside Look at Borderline Personality Disorder

Author: Richard Moskovitz
Published: 2001
Publisher: Taylor Trade Publishing ( Lanham )

It explains the diagnostic criteria for BPD and the behaviours that are indicators to the condition. The origins of the condition are also discussed. Biology is briefly covered as the Author concentrates on the care given to the individual during childhood.

At the end of each section the Author relates his writing to a case subject who's childhood experience unfolds. This book describes what it is like to live with the emotional roller coaster that is BPD, the anger, guilt, fear, denial etc.

New Hope for People with Borderline Personality Disorder

Author: Neil R. Bockian, PH.D.
Publisher: Three Rivers Press (New York)

Describes the symptoms of BPD making references to real patient cases. Bockain goes through each of the criteria elaborating on what BDP feels like and the behaviour of sufferers.

It discusses the likely causes for BPD mainly brain anatomy and neurological functioning, parental influence and social or cultural factors.

The book also explains why more women are diagnosed with BPD than men. It concentrates on how BPD is diagnosed (with a short quiz readers can take) and then goes on to discuss methods for treatment including Psychotherapy, Medication and alternative therapies.

Towards the end it has a set of self-help guidelines to help improve "mindfulness" and awareness of self.

I found this book scary to read because I identified with some of the feelings and behaviours of those with BPD. It helped me to see that I needed to concentrate on my issues and not those of others.


The following books also discuss Borderline Personality Disorder:

Borderline Personality Disorder Demystified: An Essential Guide for Understanding and Living with BPD (Demystified Series)

Author: Robert Friedel
Published: 2004
Publisher: Marlowe & Co

The Borderline Personality Disorder Survival Guide: Everything You Need to Know About Living with BPD

Author: Alex Chapman and Kim Gratz
Published: 2008
Publisher: New Harbinger Publications

Borderline Personality Disorder (The Facts)

Author: Roy Krawitz and Wendy Jackson
Published: 2008
Publisher: OUP Oxford

Stop Walking on Eggshells: Taking Your Life Back When Someone You Care About Has Borderline Personality Disorder: Coping When Someone You Care About Has Borderline Personality Disorder

Author: Paul T. Mason and Randi Kreger
Published: 1998
Publisher: New Harbinger Publications

I Hate You Don't Leave Me: Understanding the Borderline Personality

Author: Jerold J. Kreisman and Hal Straus
Published: 1991
Publisher: Avon Books

Sometimes I Act Crazy: Living with Borderline Personality Disorder

Author: Jerold J. Kreisman M.D. and Hal Straus
Published: 2004
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

The Essential Family Guide to Borderline Personality Disorder: New Tools and Techniques to Stop Walking on Eggshells

Author: Randi Kreger
Published: 2008
Publisher: Hazelden Information & Educational Services

The Angry Heart: Overcoming Borderline and Addictive Disorders

Author: Joseph Santoro and Ronald L. Cohen
Published: 1997
Publisher: New Harbinger Publications

Breaking Free from Boomerang Love: Getting Unhooked from Borderline Personality Disorder Relationships

Author: Lynn Melville
Published: 2004
Publisher: Melville Publications

Cognitive Behavioural Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder (Diagnosis & Treatment of Mental Disorders)

Author: Marsha Linehan
Published: 1993
Publisher: Guilford Press

BOOKS ON Codependency

Codependent No More: How to Stop Controlling Others and Start Caring for Yourself

Author: Melody Beattie
Published: 1992
Publisher: Hazelden (Center City)

Beattie's book is the outcome of her own personal experience with codependency. She draws on the experiences of other codependents as she explains our thoughts, feelings and actions.

The book looks at what codependency is, the characteristics of a codependent person, our reactionary natures, the deep rooted need to be rescued and to look after others to regulate our self-esteem. It also describes the overpowering feelings of guilt and anger that we torture ourselves with.

Beattie goes on to explain that we need to love ourselves more, work out our own needs and true responsibilities to ourselves, that we need to detach from the problems of others who can take care of themselves. That we need to forgive ourselves before we forgive others and be ourselves (listening to and working with/through our feelings) regardless of the outcome of having made changes to our own behaviour that we saw fit.

The end of the book outlines what actions a Codependant can take to become "Undependent", to find themselves and enrich their own lives by letting go of drama, listening to our expectations, letting go of our fear of intimacy, taking financial responsibility for ourselves, practicing appropriate forgiveness, being aware of the "Frog Syndrome" (where we keep kissing frogs hoping they will turn into Princes), having fun, setting and sticking to limits/boundaries, taking physical care of ourselves, seeking good professional help, developing good relationships where we are treated well and can reciprocate, building trust with appropriate people and getting our sexual needs met or dealing with problems that cause sex to be unsatisfactory.

She asserts her faith in The Twelve Steps program that was made famous by Alcoholics Anonymous and explains what each stage means to her.

There are a lot of references to "God" in this book but Beattie is careful to explain that God doesn't necessarily mean a belief in a supernatural being that it may be a belief in a higher power than ourselves. I personally like to think of the higher power as being Nature.


Author: Dr. Stan J. Katz and Aimee E. Liu
Published: 1991
Publisher: Warner Books (New York)

The contents of this book is a critique of the codependency movement and self-help groups. It seeks to dispel the popular belief that codependency is a progressive disease and asserts that many who attend self-help groups are normal people who simply need guidance during difficult periods where they feel out of control.

Katz and Liu maintain that many people can make full recoveries from periods of mental or emotional strain and do not need to sign up to a Twelve Step program for the rest of their lives.

This book raises some good questions/concerns with regards to the the experience of membership in self-help groups. It also explains an alternative method of recovery to the Twelve Step program.

For me it came at just the right time when I was getting tired of analysing the past and reliving feelings that I wanted to put behind me but couldn't as a result of completing researching for the final section of the website. It didn't lead me to disbelieve in codependency because I personally feel people do become sick when they consistently take on too much responsibility for others but it certainly helped me to see that codependency doesn't have to be a life time affliction and that it is not a label I choose to wear or can't break free of.


The following books also discuss Codependency:

Breaking Free from the Co-dependency Trap

Author: Barry K. Weinhold and Janae B. Weinhold
Published: 2008
Publisher: New World Library

The New Codependency: Help and Guidance for Today's Generation

Author: Melody Beattie
Published: 2009
Publisher: Simon & Schuster

The Flight from Intimacy: Healing Your Relationship of Counter-dependence - the Other Side of Co-dependency

Author: Barry K. Weinhold and Janae B. Weinhold
Published: 2008
Publisher: New World Library

Facing Codependence: What it is. Where it Comes from. How it Sabotages Our Lives

Author: Pia Mellody
Published: 2002
Publisher: HarperCollins

Codependency: How to Break Free and Live Your Own Life

Author: David Stafford and Liz Hodgkinson
Published: 1998
Publisher: Piatkus Books

Codependence and the Power of Detachment: How to Set Boundaries and Make Your Life Your Own

Author: Karen Casey
Published: 2008
Publisher: Conari Press

Recovery from Co-dependency: It's Never Too Late to Reclaim Your Childhood

Author: Laurie Weiss, Jonathan Weiss and John Bradshaw
Published: 2001

Codependency Conspiracy: How to Break the Recovery Habit and Take Charge Ofyour Life

Author: Stan J. Katz and Aimee Liu
Published: 1992
Publisher: Grand Central Publishing


Women Who Love Too Much

Author: Robin Norwood
Published: 1986
Publisher: Arrow Books ( London )

This was the first book I read, the one that opened my eyes to explain what my life had been before I had even heard of the word “narcissism”. NPD and narcissism is not covered at all in this book.

The book looks at the possible reasons why some women loose themselves in a relationship with a man who will not or can not love them back. How women who have not had their emotional needs met during childhood (possibly suffering mental, physical or sexual abuse at the hands of at least one parent) unconsciously recreate their parental relationships with significant others in their future - all in an attempt to put right that which was wrong. The author explains that this pattern of behaviour is repetitive and as time goes on and our efforts meet with failure it leads to increasing distress, depression, fear, loneliness and abuse as our choice in the people we love becomes increasingly poor.

It accurately describes the low value women from this background place on themselves, the feeling that they are not good enough, the lack of effort that is made on their part to ensure they themselves are truly happy and that they themselves know who they are and what they do and do not like. For me it explains the life we live to keep at bay the abandonment and intimacy we fear.

It covers addiction to poor relationships, the feelings that feel so right when they're all so wrong, the dance of co-dependant relationships and the incorrect belief that the things we do (unconscious or otherwise) to love them, take care of them, fix them, please them will lead to a magical ending that proves our effort and hope was not in vain – when in fact we are attempting to control something we have no control over. To me it spelt out that behaving in this way, allowing the insanity of the situation to take us over we have no means with which to protect ourselves or the ones we love from further damage.

At the end of the book the author outlines what a woman can do to aid her own recovery including getting help, increasing the sense of her own spirituality, release of controlling behaviour and how to avoid getting sucked into the games that are played.

Loving Him without Losing You: How to Stop Disappearing and Start Being Yourself - Seven Empowering Strategies for Better Relationships

Author: Beverly Engel
Published: 2001
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc

Narcissistic men attract and keep a particular kind of partner - one who is happy to loose themselves in order to meet his needs. This book explains the factors that contribute to women loosing themselves in relationships. Engle discusses biology, childhood relationships and social conditioning as factors that contribute to a woman's poor sense of self which leads to them over investing in relationships and staying in abusive ones.

The book describes the speed with which women throw themselves into relationships making the man in their life the beginning, middle and end of their existence without proper regard for the values they share or her own needs.

Engle uses a scale on which women can determine their tendency to loose themselves in relationships. At the bottom of the continuum are those who have been conditioned by society (mainly the mass media). Those in the middle may also have had troubled childhoods and those at the highest end of the scale are most likely to have had abusive childhoods and may suffer from a condition know as Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD).

The book explains seven strategies to help women become a "Woman of Substance" and explains what help would be most effective to women on the highest end of the scale.

Another important factor that is discussed is the degree to which women fantasize about the man in their life. This is a good indicator as to their propensity to loose themselves in a relationship. The more you fantasize the less likely it is that the person to whom you are attached will ever fulfill your real needs and you are compromising yourself to be with that person.

Much of what I read in this book supported my previous reading but it drove home MY part in all the "relationships" I had ever had with men and the reasons for my own anger and lack of self. For every Narcissus there is an Echo. I wish I had read this book in my teens - it saddened me to think of what I have lost through not understanding myself, my needs and a love that is honest, safe and appropriate as opposed to that which I'm used to the obsessive, smothering, inappropriate variety.

If Love Could Think: Using Your Mind to Guide Your Heart

Author: Alon Gratch Ph.D.
Published: 2005
Publisher: Harmony Books (New York)

Gratch is a Psychologist who has had vast experience in treating patients who have developed patters of failing in love relationships.

He describes seven different patterns of failed love; Narcissistic, Virtual, One Way, Triangular, Forbidden, Sexual and Androgynous. In conjunction with the teachings of childhood he believes these patterns of failed love stem from our denial and inability to work through the mixed feelings (good and bad) we have about our love objects (ambivalence).

After describing the seven patterns Gratch uses case studies explain a three step approach (recognising your pattern, understanding your ambivalence and resolving your ambivalence) to assist in breaking the pattern. At the basis of this is being able to know the kind of person you are and to decide what are the "bottom line" characteristics you can accept in a partner. For example, in an ideal world you may want a partner who is successful, wealthy and driven in their career but who is also capable of being emotionally supportive of you. In the real world it is unlikely you will find both qualities in one person because in order for most people to succeed in their career they have to be single minded and dedicated to the job - this is draining on them and they may not have the emotional reserves to concentrate on you when you need them. So the choice is then yours, love a person who is successful and can support you financially but not emotionally in which case you will have to look to yourself or others for emotional support or leave and look for someone who can support you emotionally but not necessarily financially.

This book reinforced the idea of "choice" that we all have to choose the people we love based on our true needs and not to love on the basis of trying to meet an unrealistic "ideal". In addition when looking at Narcissistic love he also looks at how Echo's own Narcissism (regulation of self-esteem through others achievements, reputation and characteristics) is part of the reason for choosing a narcissistic partner.

He also advises that it is not possible to change other people to make things better and that sometimes as as result of working on changing ourselves the relationship improves or it ends.

Art of Selfishness

Author: David Seabury
Published: 1974
Publisher: Pocket Books ( New York )

This book is old and hard to get hold of. For me it was hard to get into due to the style of writing but after a few chapters I got used to it.

It is based around a concept of “Ego Satisfaction”. Ego satisfaction is the behaviour that we choose to bring about the inflation of our image, pride and position in life. The book deals with the problems that arise when people consistently take on more than their fair share of a burden in the name of doing the right thing or what is expected of us as dictated by society, our family, friends and colleagues.

There are several case studies in the book dealing with the pressures of living in the world such as the expectation to make money, succeed, support your parents and siblings as well as your partner or children, follow the footsteps of your parents etc. As many of us work away at making these things happen we are doing so under the illusion that if we don't act selflessly that the world as we/others know it will fall apart. The book identifies that while some people are clearly able to take on the burden of their own problems they choose not to, they prefer to have others take on their responsibility. Those that regularly perform burden relief, doing things that undermine their integrity can become burdened themselves. That rather than being sainted for their efforts they are made to feel incompetent, alone, trapped and ironically selfish for having entertained any passing thought which wished them out of their situation. Their own mental or physical health can be adversely affected.

This book helped me to understand for the first time why love is not enough and that marriage should not have to be forever if it causes devastation to the couple and the children they share.

It is responsible for two of my most favourite concepts “no man is normal who does not love his psyche” (borrowed from Dr. Pierre Janet) and that which makes up what the author identifies as the “Basic law of Being…. Never compromise yourself ”.

Who Moved My Cheese?: An Amazing Way to Deal with Change in Your Work and in Your Life

Author: Spencer Johnson, M.D.
Publisher: Vermilion

The book deals with the fear of change. It's a light hearted story about about two mice "Sniff" and "Scurry" and two Littlepeople "Hem" and "Haw" who live in a maze and are one day faced with the problem that their regular supply of cheese has been moved. The mice are simple creatures that live day to day. They deal with the problem differently to the Littlepeople who are intellectuals and over analysers.

It got me to thinking about why it is actually "Safer To Search In The Maze, Than Remain In A Cheeseless Situation" and why I like Haw am afraid to change having preferred for a long time to hold on to "the illusion of old cheese that was no longer there" if it was ever there at all.


Other general books:

How to Break Your Addiction to a Person

Author: Howard M. Halpern
Published: 2003
Publisher: Bantam Books

Emotional Unavailability: Recognizing It, Understanding It, and Avoiding Its Trap

Author: Bryn C. Collins
Published: 1998
Publisher: Contemporary Books Inc

Recommended by Visitors to

Please note, I have not read any of these books listed in the "Recommenced by Visitors to" section personally. They have been included here because other people who have visited this site have found them useful.

Identity Crisis: Modernity, Psychoanalysis and the Self (Communications & Culture)

Author: Stephen Frosh
Published: 1991
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

Reviewers comments: The book has two central chapters on Narcissism and Narcissistic Pathology. It is on the scholarly side, but I found it very valuable.

Last updated: 28th June 2009

Copyright relating to material on this site belongs to Quotes and materials from other authors have been referenced accordingly.